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Other denominations, such as the minority Shia Islam , are systematically suppressed. According to estimates there are about 1,, Christians in Saudi Arabia, almost all foreign workers.
The percentage of Saudi Arabian citizens who are Christians is officially zero,  as Saudi Arabia forbids religious conversion from Islam apostasy and punishes it by death.
There may be a significant fraction of atheists and agnostics in Saudi Arabia,   although they are officially called "terrorists".
In its religious freedom report, the US State Department named Saudi Arabia a Country of Particular Concern CPC.
Foreign Muslims  who have resided in the kingdom for ten years may apply for Saudi citizenship. Priority is given to holders of degrees in various scientific fields,  and exception made for Palestinians who are excluded unless married to a Saudi national, because of Arab League instructions barring the Arab states from granting them citizenship.
Saudi Arabia is not a signatory to the UN Refugee Convention. As Saudi population grows and oil export revenues stagnate, pressure for " Saudization " the replacement of foreign workers with Saudis has grown, and the Saudi government hopes to decrease the number of foreign nationals in the country.
Various Human Rights entities have criticised Saudi Arabia's handling of the issue. On 13 August , Human Rights Watch reported dozens of Euthopian migrants who had been forcibly expelled by Houthi forces , under the pretext of COVID measures, were killed and detained by Saudi border guards.
The migrants were captured by Saudi guards when they tried to escape from the border area. They were beaten, tortured and electrocuted.
Many of the migrants died due to heatstroke or by attempting suicide, after being severely beaten and tortured.
The migrants lack proper living condition, provision of food and water. Saudi Arabia has centuries-old attitudes and traditions, often derived from Arab civilization.
The main factors that influence the culture of Saudi Arabia are Islamic heritage and Bedouin traditions as well as its historical role as an ancient trade center.
Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia and its law requires that all citizens be Muslims. Proponents call the movement " Salafism ",  and believe that its teachings purify the practice of Islam of innovations or practices that deviate from the seventh-century teachings of Muhammad and his companions.
More than a billion Sunnis have simply had enough of them. Saudi Arabia is one of the few countries that have " religious police " known as Haia or Mutaween , who patrol the streets " enjoining good and forbidding wrong " by enforcing dress codes , strict separation of men and women , attendance at prayer salat five times each day, the ban on alcohol, and other aspects of Sharia Islamic law.
In the privacy of the home behavior can be far looser, and reports from the Daily Mail and WikiLeaks indicate that the ruling Saudi Royal family applies a different moral code to itself, indulging in parties, drugs and sex.
Until , the kingdom used the lunar Islamic calendar , not the international Gregorian calendar ,  but in the kingdom announced its switch to the Gregorian calendar for civil purposes.
Daily life is dominated by Islamic observance. Businesses are closed three or four times a day  for 30 to 45 minutes during business hours while employees and customers are sent off to pray.
As of [update] , approximately half of the broadcast airtime of Saudi state television was devoted to religious issues. In contrast, assigned readings over 12 years of primary and secondary schooling devoted to covering the history, literature, and cultures of the non-Muslim world comes to a total of about 40 pages.
Because of religious restrictions, Saudi culture lacks any diversity of religious expression, buildings, annual festivals and public events.
Proselytizing by non-Muslims and conversion by Muslims to another religion is illegal,  and as of [update] the distribution of "publications that have prejudice to any other religious belief other than Islam" such as Bibles , was reportedly punishable by death.
Saudi Wahhabism is hostile to any reverence given to historical or religious places of significance for fear that it may give rise to 'shirk' idolatry , and the most significant historic Muslim sites in Mecca and Medina are located in the western Saudi region of the Hejaz.
There are six elements inscribed on UNESCO's Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity list :  Al-Qatt Al-Asiri , female traditional interior wall decoration in Asir ; Almezmar , drumming and dancing with sticks; Falconry, a living human heritage; Arabic coffee , a symbol of generosity; Majlis , a cultural and social space; Alardah Alnajdiyah, dance, drumming and poetry in Saudi Arabia.
In June , the Council of Ministers approved a law that gives the Saudi Commission for Tourism and National Heritage the means to protect Saudi Arabia's ancient relics and historic sites.
Within the framework of the National Transformation Program, also known as Saudi Vision , the kingdom allocated million euros to preserve its historical and cultural heritage.
In , Crown Prince Mohammad bin Salman promised to return Saudi Arabia to the "moderate Islam" of the era before the Iranian revolution.
In March , the Crown Prince met the Archbishop of Canterbury during a visit to the UK, pledging to promote interfaith dialogue.
In Riyadh the following month King Salman met the head of the Vatican's Pontifical Council for Interreligious Dialogue. Saudi Arabian dress strictly follows the principles of hijab the Islamic principle of modesty , especially in dress.
The predominantly loose and flowing, but covering, garments are suited to Saudi Arabia's desert climate. Traditionally, men usually wear a white ankle length garment woven from wool or cotton known as a thawb , with a keffiyeh a large checkered square of cotton held in place by an agal or a ghutra a plain white square made of finer cotton, also held in place by an agal worn on the head.
For rare chilly days, Saudi men wear a camel -hair cloak bisht over the top. In public women are required to wear a black abaya or other black clothing that covers everything under the neck with the exception of their hands and feet, although most women cover their head in respect for their religion.
This requirement applies to non-Muslim women too and failure to abide can result in police action, particularly in more conservative areas of the country.
Women's clothes are often decorated with tribal motifs, coins, sequins, metallic thread, and appliques. During the s, cinemas were numerous in the Kingdom although they were seen as contrary to Wahhabi norms.
However, with King Abdullah's reforms from , some cinemas have re-opened,  including one in KAUST. From the 18th century onward, Wahhabi fundamentalism discouraged artistic development inconsistent with its teaching.
In addition, Sunni Islamic prohibition of creating representations of people have limited the visual arts, which tend to be dominated by geometric , floral , and abstract designs and by calligraphy.
With the advent of oil-wealth in the 20th century came exposure to outside influences, such as Western housing styles, furnishings, and clothes.
Music and dance have always been part of Saudi life. Traditional music is generally associated with poetry and is sung collectively. Censorship has limited the development of Saudi literature, although several Saudi novelists and poets have achieved critical and popular acclaim in the Arab world—albeit generating official hostility in their home country.
These include Ghazi Algosaibi , Abdelrahman Munif , Turki al-Hamad and Rajaa al-Sanea. Developments in the arts in included Saudi Arabia's debut appearances at the Cannes Film Festival and the Venice Biennale.
This was after he performed a concert attended by more than 10, people in the heritage site north-west of Riyadh.
The concert also included shows by Enrique Iglesias and The Black Eyed Peas. Guetta's comments come as Saudi Arabia increasingly attracts big name western music acts to perform in the kingdom.
Since his concert last November, Mariah Carey , Sean Paul and Akon all performed in various Saudi cities. Football is the national sport in Saudi Arabia.
The Saudi Arabia national football team is considered as one of Asia's most successful national teams, having reached a joint record 6 AFC Asian Cup finals, winning three of those finals , , and and having qualified for the World Cup four consecutive times ever since debuting at the tournament.
In the FIFA World Cup under the leadership of Jorge Solari, Saudi Arabia beat both Belgium and Morocco in the group stage before falling to defeat Sweden in the round of During the FIFA Confederations Cup , which was played in Saudi Arabia, the country reached the final , losing 1—3 to Argentina.
Scuba diving , windsurfing , sailing and basketball which is played by both men and women are also popular with the Saudi Arabian national basketball team winning bronze at the Asian Championship.
A stadium in Riyadh holds races in the winter. The annual King's Camel Race, begun in , is one of the sport's most important contests and attracts animals and riders from throughout the region.
Falconry , another traditional pursuit, is still practiced. Women's sport is controversial due to the suppression of female participation in sport by conservative Islamic religious authorities,  however this restriction has eased slightly in recent years.
Segregated seating, allowing women to enter, has been developed in three stadiums across major cities.
Saudi Arabia, in its vision for modernization introduced the nation to a number of international sporting events, bringing sports stars to the Kingdom.
However, in August , the kingdom's strategy received criticism for appearing as a method of sportswashing soon after Saudi's US based lobbying campaign foreign registration documentations got published online.
The strategy is being viewed as a method of sportswashing following the chaos spread across Yemen since 4 years.
On 31 October , Saudi Arabia hosted the first ever women's wrestling match held by the World Wrestling Entertainment WWE. However, the superstar players Lacey Evans and Natalya were required to cover their arms and legs by wearing bodysuits during the fight, instead of the more revealing gear that they would normally wear.
Saudi Arabia, in December , came under fire for using Western sports to rehabilitate global image tarnished following the continued crackdown on dissidents.
Critics accused the kingdom of "sportswashing", as it turned a blind eye to the unending violation of human rights in the country against women, minorities, rights advocates and critics.
Only two years after Saudi Arabia signed a contract of 10 years with WWE, an increasing number of wrestlers denied to visit Riyadh.
In , superstars like John Cena , Kevin Owens and Daniel Bryan refused to fly to Saudi, over the Kingdom's declining human rights records citing Jamal Khashoggi's assassination.
In January , several other WWE superstars casted doubt over visiting Saudi, following the heightened tensions in Middle East due to assassination of Qassem Soleimani.
Formula One announced to hold its race in Saudi Arabia for the next season. It would be the first time the Gulf nation would be hosting an F1 race as one of 23 grand prix in the busiest calendar ever.
The night race is said to be held on a street circuit in Jeddah. Saudi Arabian cuisine is similar to that of the surrounding countries in the Arabian Peninsula and the wider Arab world, and has influenced and been influenced by Turkish, Indian, Persian, and African food.
Islamic dietary laws are enforced: pork is not allowed and other animals are slaughtered in accordance with halal. Flat, unleavened taboon bread is a staple of virtually every meal, as are dates , fresh fruit, yoghurt and hummus.
Coffee, served in the Arabic style , is the traditional beverage but tea and various fruit juices are popular as well.
The earliest substantiated evidence of either coffee drinking or knowledge of the coffee tree is from the 15th century, in the Sufi monasteries of Arabia.
Women do not have equal rights to men in the kingdom; the U. State Department considers Saudi Arabian government's discrimination against women a "significant problem" in Saudi Arabia and notes that women have few political rights due to the government's discriminatory policies.
Under Saudi law, every adult female must have a male relative as her "guardian" wali ,  As of , a woman was required to have permission from her male guardian in order to travel, study, or work.
The order however also stated that it should only be allowed if it does not contradict the Sharia system. According to a leading Saudi feminist and journalist, Wajeha al-Huwaider , "Saudi women are weak, no matter how high their status, even the 'pampered' ones among them, because they have no law to protect them from attack by anyone.
Women face discrimination in the courts, where the testimony of one man equals that of two women in family and inheritance law. The average age at first marriage among Saudi females is 25 years in Saudi Arabia,  with child marriage no longer common.
Obesity is a problem among middle and upper class Saudis who have domestic servants to do traditional work but, until , were forbidden to drive and so are limited in their ability to leave their home.
The religious police , known as the mutawa , impose many restrictions on women in public in Saudi Arabia.
Although Saudi Arabia imposes a strict dress code on women throughout the country by using religious police , female anchors working for Al-Arabia news network which is partly owned by Prince Abdulaziz , the son of the late King Fahad , are prohibited from wearing a veil and are encouraged to adopt a Western dress code.
A few Saudi women have risen to the top of the medical profession; for example, Dr. Ghada Al-Mutairi heads a medical research center in California  and Dr.
Salwa Al-Hazzaa is head of the ophthalmology department at King Faisal Specialist Hospital in Riyadh and was the late King Fahad's personal ophthalmologist.
In February , Saudi Arabia appointed its first woman to head the Saudi Stock Exchange. On 25 September , King Abdullah announced that Saudi women would gain the right to vote and to be candidates in municipal elections, provided that a male guardian grants permission.
In August , a law was passed that criminalized domestic violence against women. In April , bin Salman announced a project to build one of the world's largest cultural, sports and entertainment cities in Al Qidiya, southwest of Riyadh.
The square kilometre city will include a safari and a Six Flags theme park. In September , King Salman issued a decree allowing women to drive , lifting the world's only ban on women drivers.
As of February , Saudi women can now open their own business, without a male's permission. In March , a law was passed allowing Saudi mothers to retain custody of their children after divorce without having to file any lawsuits.
In April , the first public cinema opened in Saudi Arabia after a ban of 35 years, with plans to have more than 2, screens running by Other domestic reforms include significant regulations restricting the powers of the religious police and establishing a national entertainment authority that has hosted comedy shows, pro wrestling events, and monster truck rallies.
Further cultural developments include the first Saudi public concerts by a female singer, the first Saudi sports stadiums to admit women, and an increased presence of women in the workforce.
On 1 August , Saudi Arabia allowed women to travel abroad, register a divorce or a marriage, and apply for official documents without the consent of a male guardian.
The laws also grant the women the eligibility for the guardianship of minor children. On 27 September , Saudi Arabia announced new changes to tourist visas for non-religious visits, allowing citizens of 49 countries to apply for E-Visa for 90 days.
The Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman had envisaged the year in line with his modernization plans, where a record number of Muslims were to visit the Mecca and Medina , new industries were to set up, entertainment sector was meant to flourish, while the crown prince was to host the G20 summit.
Education is free at all levels. A large part of the curriculum at all levels is devoted to Islam, and, at the secondary level, students are able to follow either a religious or a technical track.
The rate of literacy is Higher education has expanded rapidly, with large numbers of Universities and colleges being founded particularly since Institutions of higher education include the country's first university, King Saud University founded in , the Islamic University at Medina founded in , and the King Abdulaziz University in Jeddah founded in King Abdullah University of Science and Technology , known as KAUST, founded recently in Other colleges and universities emphasize curricula in sciences and technology, military studies, religion, and medicine.
Institutes devoted to Islamic studies, in particular, abound. Women typically receive college instruction in segregated institutions. The Academic Ranking of World Universities , known as Shanghai Ranking, ranked 4 of Saudi Arabian institutions among its — list of the top universities in the world.
According to critics, Saudi curriculum is not just dominated by Islam but suffers from Wahhabi dogma that propagates hatred towards non-Muslim and non-Wahhabis  and lacks technical and other education useful for productive employment.
Memorization by rote of large parts of the Qur'an, its interpretation and understanding Tafsir and the application of Islamic tradition to everyday life is at the core of the curriculum.
Religion taught in this manner is also a compulsory subject for all University students. That's not generally what Saudi Arabia's educational system delivers, steeped as it is in rote learning and religious instruction.
The religious sector of the Saudi national curriculum was examined in a report by Freedom House which concluded that "the Saudi public school religious curriculum continues to propagate an ideology of hate toward the 'unbeliever', that is, Christians, Jews, Shiites, Sufis, Sunni Muslims who do not follow Wahhabi doctrine, Hindus , atheists and others".
Saudi Arabia sponsors and promotes the teaching of Wahhabism , an ideology which has been adopted by Salafist Jihadist groups such as ISIS , Al-Qaeda and the Nusra Front.
This radical teaching takes place in Saudi funded mosques and madrasas across the Islamic world from Morocco to Pakistan to Indonesia. According to the educational plan for secondary high school education — Hijri , students enrolling in the "natural sciences" path are required to take five religion subjects which are: Tawhid , Fiqh , Tafseer , Hadith and Islamic Education and Quran.
In addition, students are required to take six science subjects which are Maths, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Geology and Computer. The approach taken in the Saudi education system has been accused of encouraging Islamic terrorism , leading to reform efforts.
It also aims to create an education system which will provide a more secular and vocationally based training. In , Saudi Arabia ranked 28th worldwide in terms of high-quality research output according to the scientific journal Nature.
Saudi Arabia has a life expectancy of From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see KSA disambiguation.
Country in Southwestern Asia. Saudi Saudi Arabian. See also: House of Saud and Arab etymology. Main article: History of Saudi Arabia.
See also: Pre-Islamic Arabia. Kategorie : Saudi-Arabien. Verstoppt Kategorien: Wikipedia:Skizzen Geographie - Asien Wikipedia articles with VIAF identifiers Wikipedia articles with LCCN identifiers Wikipedia articles with ISNI identifiers Wikipedia articles with GND identifiers Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers Wikipedia articles with BNF identifiers.
Only medical staffs are permitted to approach a female patient. Women are not allowed to drive. If you are a westerner and you want to drive, you must bring a male companion and expect some curious public eyes.
Never use your finger to point at anyone even if you are engaged in a heated argument with someone.
Saudi Arabia is very poor in water and on its huge territory there is not a permanent river or lake.
The only exceptions are some small oases, which offer lush greenery around some spring amidst the desert. The landscape of this Arab country is dominated by two large deserts — Large Nefud in the north and Rub al Khali in the south.
In some parts of the country, thanks to the desalination of sea water, large areas of the desert have been reclaimed and successfully turned into farmlands.
Kingdom Centre Tower. Great Mosque of Mecca - Masjid al-Haram. Al Rudaf Park. Othaim Mall. Alrashid Mall.
Yanbu Al-Bahr Beach. From the Forums. See all. Umrah visa after Hajj In eine eindeutige Richtung mag die Formkurve also auch bei Ägypten nicht wirklich zeigen.
Der Saudi Arabien — Ägypten Head to Head Vergleich fällt zugunsten der Ägypter aus. Einmal setzte sich aber Saudi-Arabien durch, nämlich im Confed Cup.
Damals lautete das Ergebnis für Saudi-Arabien. Ob es zu einem solchen Resultat erneut kommen kann, bleibt einmal dahingestellt.
Doch auch Saudi-Arabien konnte dreimal die Asienmeisterschaft gewinnen. Blickt man auf die Webseite von Betway, dann lassen sich problemlos die Saudi-Arabien — Ägypten Quoten finden.
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